Scaling and Root Planning :
Periodontal (gum) disease progresses as the pocket between the tooth and gums get irritated by plaque, bacteria, and calculus (tartar). As this debris collects, sometimes deep in the pocket of the tooth, it becomes difficult for you to maintain proper cleaning of this area on your own. Dentists and dental hygienists have the ability to perform a “deep cleaning” or scaling and root planning of these hard to reach areas, which prevents the progression of the disease.
Sometimes patients’ teeth have deep fillings and decay that go slightly below the gingival margin (gumline). In order to properly restore these teeth, often a procedure called “crown lengthening” is performed in order to expose more of the crown of a tooth. Periodontists (gum specialists) surgically expose more of the crown of the tooth by slightly lowering the supporting bone to allow the general dentist to gain adequate access for restoring the tooth to ideal health.